Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs): How do STDs affect fertility?

Enfermedades de transmisión sexual ETS

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What are sexually transmitted diseases?

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are mainly transmitted through unprotected sex. They can also be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy.

Who causes sexually transmitted diseases?

There are more than 30 different types of STDs, most of which are caused by viruses (HIV, human papillomavirus, hepatitis), bacteria (gonorrhoea, syphilis, chlamydia) and fungi (Candida).

If these types of infections are not detected and persist over time, they can lead to serious infertility complications in couples. The most common STDs that cause reproductive health problems are Ureaplasma, Chlamydia, Mycoplasma and Gonorrhoea.

How do sexually transmitted diseases affect fertility?

These types of infections, which affect both men and women, generate difficulties in achieving pregnancy as they can cause alterations such as obstruction of the fallopian tubes, testicular inflammation, worsening of semen quality, or infertility problems of unknown origin. In addition, in pregnant women, the presence of STDs can cause miscarriages and premature births.

Is it important to perform this test? Diagnosis.

Since a high percentage of the population suffers from some type of STD, or even several at the same time, it is vital to carry out controls as a form of PREVENTION, in order to prevent them from causing serious problems in those aspects related to fertility.

Types of STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) that can be detected in a single analysis

Currently, Instituto Bernabeu BIOTECH has an innovative technique that allows the detection of 8 different possible sexually transmitted infections in a single test from a urine sample (multiplex real-time PCR) that analyses both the most serious ones Chlamydia Trachomatis (CT) and Treponema pallidum (Treponema pallidum), Treponema pallidum (TP), Neisseria gonorrhea (NG) and the not so serious Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), Mycoplasma hominis (MH), Mycoplasma genitalium (MG), Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU), Ureaplasma parvum (UP).